大山倍達

大山倍達(OYAMA MASUTATSU) 國際空手道連盟 極真会館創始者 有別於傅統式空手道、極真空手道堅持以實戰為本質。極真會館創辦人、 已故總裁大山倍達、他提倡“武道空手”及“技術在力量中”的觀點。 在極真空手道的賽例中、参賽者不穿任何護具、 除禁止以手攻撃頭部和禁攻撃下陰外、其餘部份均可直接攻撃、 手脚肘膝並用、不分體重級別、故又名全接觸式空手道。 極真空手以全接觸式賽例聞名於世、被籲為世界上最強之武道之ー。 極真會館由1969年起、毎年主辦全日本空手道大賽及毎隔四年一次全世界空手道大賽、 而参加此賽事更被視為空手道之最高榮譽。

 

1923年7月 大山倍達出生
1943年 加入日本空軍
1945年 二戰結束、空軍退役
1946年4月 入讀早稲田大學體育科
1946年10月  退學、於身延山修煉
1947年9月 奪京都丸山公會舉辦之全日本空手道大賽冠軍
1948年4月 於清澄山修錬
1951年5月 獲美軍邀請教授極真空手道
1952年3月 獲芝加哥空手道協會邀請到美國作巡迴指導及示範比賽  
1954年4月 在東京目白區成立大山道場(極真會館之前身)
1958年 出版“What is Karate”ー書。(對世界武術界影響深遠的空手道書籍)
1960年 遠征歐美、設立72個支部
1965年 出版“This is Karate”一書。  
1965年6月 極真會館總本部大樓於東京池袋區正式落成啓用。  
1969年9月 舉辦第一屆全日本空手道大賽。(参觀人數高達7000人)自此毎年舉辦ー次。  
1971年 日本雑誌以漫畫形式連載其傅奇的ー生。  
1975年11月 舉辦第一屆全世界空手道大賽。自此毎四年舉辦ー次。 被籲為空手道界之奥林匹克。  
1994年4月    因肺癌病逝於日本、享年70歳  
1994年 獲美國武術權威雑誌“黒帯”追頒最高榮譽。  

 

OYAMA MASUTATSU International Karate Organization, Founder of Kyokushin Kaikan

Unlike traditional karate, Kyokushin Karate is adhere to actual combat. Founder of Kyokushin Kaikan, the late president Oyama, advocated the concepts of "Budo Karate" and "skills in the power".

In Kyokushin karate tournament, contestants do not wear any protective gears. Except prohibiting hitting of the head by hands and the lower body part, the remaining body parts can all be hit directly using any parts of the arms and legs with no weight class distinctions. It is also known as full contact karate.

Kyokushin karate is thus famous for its full contact style, and being recognised as one of the world's strongest martial arts.

Since 1969, Kyokushin Kaikan organises an annual All Japan Karate Tournament as well as a World Tournament every four years. Participation in these events is regarded as the highest honour in Karate.

 

July 1923 Masutatsu Oyama was born
1943 joined the Japanese Air Force
1945 End of World War II, retired from the Air Force
April 1946 admitted to Waseda University Physical Education Faculty
October 1946   dropped out from university, started practicing at Mount Minobu              
September 1947 becomes the champion of All Japan Karate Tournament organised
by the Maruyama Association of Kyoto
April 1948 training at Mount Kiyosumi
May 1951 invited by the US Army to be the Karate Instructor
March 1952 invited to give Karate instructions and demonstrations in the United
States by the Karate Association of Chicago
April 1954 established the Oyama Dojo at the Mejiro Area in Tokyo
(the former Kyokushin Kaikan)
1958 published the book "What is Karate".
(Far-reaching impact regarding Karate in the world of martial arts)
1960 expedition to Europe and the United States, set up 72 branches  
1965 Published the book "This is Karate"
June 1965 Opening of the Kyokushin Kaikan Headquarter in Tokyo Ikebukuro district  
September 1969    First All Japan Karate Tournament being held (up to 7,000 participants) and has been held annually ever since then  
1971 Japanese magazine established a comic series to describe his legendary life  
November 1975 First World Open Karate Tournament being held. Also known as the ‘Karate Olympics’, it has been held every four years since then  
April 1994 Dies of lung cancer at the age of 70  
1994 awarded the highest honour by the authoritative American Martial Arts journal "Black Belt”